Instead of giving these delinquents punishment, they are kept in Juvenile jail and correction homes where various corrective measures are taken to change their behaviour in the positive direction. In the present article, we would try to understand who is a juvenile; crimes committed by juveniles; its reasons; laws and proposed changes by the Government in the same. Article shared by Essay on the Causes of Juvenile Delinquency — There is no single cause or simple explanation for the development of delinquent behaviour. The new law undoubtedly places an onerous duty on the state to appropriately harness the resources from various sectors of socio-economic development in ensuring the well-being and welfare of juveniles and a chance to recover if they happen to falter. For the first time the shift was noticed in United Nations. Most of these youths come from families of discord or abuse. The feeling of insecurity, rejection of the parents and other members of the family were next important factors causing delinquent behaviour.
National crime records Bureau, Report, 2007, New Delhi. Though a formal Juvenile Justice system may be justifiable to a certain extent, there must be some concrete and comprehensive plan of action. Poor parents have to leave their children and go for work. · Effort shall be made to release the juvenile on bail or probation. Only 327 did not have any schooling. So there was conflict and quarrel between the two gangs.
A gang of five minors who had dramatically escaped from a city juvenile home last year on October 5 amid rioting and arson had murdered a jeweller's wife in Mayur Vihar a month later and fled with 50kg of silver jewellery and Rs 10 lakh in cash from the house. One particular set of situations involving the youth is that in which the youth is caught up in delinquency. It is important to remove the bad from the individual and not the individual. Though some decades back in India the public opinion was very strong against divorce and remarriage, now it has changed to some extent with the increase in industrialization and urbanization. The behavior patterns develop in early childhood and at early stage it is very difficult to identify any kind of behavior. It would be interesting to note that currently the incidence of psychopathic personality in female delinquents has increased quite rapidly as reports suggest.
Now, the percentage share of two age groups has changed. Three years is the maximum period for which a juvenile can be kept in a reform home. Delinquency is a kind of abnormality when an individual deviates from the course of normal social life. All kinds of delinquents should not be treated identically, in a group or and should not be given similar rehabilitation facilities. It empowered local government to establish reformatory schools. Bowlby 1946 compared 44 children who committed various thefts and hence were kept in the London child Guidance Clinic for treatment with 44 normal children of the same age and Socio-economic status, who came to the clinic for treatment but who did not steal. What is worrying more is that the share of crimes committed by juveniles to total crimes reported in the country has also increased in last three years.
Long ago, an Italian Scientist Lumbroso made certain empirical studies on crime, and held that criminals have defective physical structure and defective intelligence. As many as 382 juveniles were sent to special homes, 40 faced fines and 146 were acquitted. In order to rationalise and standardise the approach towards juvenile justice in keeping with the relevant provisions of the Constitution of India and International obligations in this regard, the Government of lndia re enacted the Juvenile Justice Care and Protection of the Children Act, 2000. So, he tends to act out his aggressive impulses. All others Homes can either be established or run by the government in association with the voluntary organizations.
· New mode of dispositional alternatives like counseling and community services have been incorporated for the juveniles in accordance with Beijing Rule. If by chance he joins the group or the gang that fosters delinquent attitudes he is also likely to become a delinquent. Multisectoral prevention initiatives designed and implemented by entire communities are the most effective, in particular those that build on the strengths and interests of youth rather than focusing only on their problems or vehicles or deficits. Constitution provides rights and duties of citizens. When the children see others enjoying the life with comforts and better living, the discontentment and consequently the desire to have these things by hook or crook develops giving birth to delinquency. Because of these emotional problems which are created by dehumanised social conditions the person becomes a delinquent and tries to take action, against others.
· A new chapter on rehabilitation and social re-integration comprising of adoption, foster care and sponsorship has been added. Those who somehow get some employment are funnily unable to hold the job, and so, they shift from job to job, engage in delinquent behaviour, partly as a result of frustration and partly due to confusion and hopelessness. Interaction in home is a very important means for socialising the child. To eat is a biogenic need, but what to eat and how to eat is influenced by social forces and social interaction. In case of KulaiIbrahim v. One shocking incident should not result in adaption of measures which might later emerge counter-productive.
Since a lot depends upon parental behaviour and attitude, they should be very cautious. . You may adopt all the policies you please, but how they are carried out depends on him. With a view to resolving the problem, Bangladesh government takes community based resource management approach i. There is little involvement of psychological counselling during the reform procedure, says Dr Rajat Mitra, a clinical psychologist with experience in criminal psychology. The innocent ones are caught easily because of their lack of understanding and lack of capacity to solve the immediate problems facing them. His name, address or identity is not disclosed and general public is excluded from witnessing the trial.
The results, thus, did not show any significant difference between the I. Reformation is good but not always. He found that in 90% of the cases two or more boys were involved in the crime. Delinquency is simply the first step on the road to adult crimes or it is a gate — way to adult criminality. Stott is of opinion that security, affection, love and proper attention from the parents are basically required for the proper growth of personality of the child. But in 1950 it was noticed that 40,119 children of all the states of India except U. Again, in another brutal gang rape case which is known as Shakti Mill Rape case, a minor was involved.