This equilibrium position has also been called a steady state. He is dominated by an equilibrium orientation. In this article he has classified the demands and supports. They are not enough to keep a political system operating. They want to serve political purposes, to win elections. Information about demands and supports may enter the system as inputs in usual manner.
It is different from, and not, a concrete or natural system. The fact is that no responsible and democratic government can maintain silence in the face of the piling up of demands. Thus self-regulatory mechanism is an interesting and complicated concept. His theory was and is highly influential in the in political science. It is alleged-he has failed. Support can be given at some particular or all levels. In doing so, he introduced an innovative and holistic approach to the study of politics.
The whole political system is designed for the welfare of the society and emphasize upon the betterment of the people. David Easton was the first political scientist who analyze political system in explicit systems terms distinguishes two types of inputs into the political system, demand and supports. The feedback thus has a profound influence on the capacity of the system to persist and to cope up with the stress. This system or method can be compared with a sieve. All organs of the body have their special functions to perform. By doing so, the political system gets an opportunity to modify or transform its behaviour conducive to that feedback.
They arise from such aspects and influences as the representation system, the nature of the constitution itself and the norms and procedures of the governmental system; they also arise from the values of the political culture of a political system. The political system exists only in a state, which is the sole entity for the identification of its credibility. Why does a political theory survive? Demands always arise from the very nature of human personality and society. Parties, pressure groups and political leaders raise the demands and exert pressure upon the authority to take action in regard to the fulfillment of demands. He used the concept of system as the basic unit of analysis and concentrated on the intra-system behaviour of various systems as principal areas of research and investigation in politics.
A very good and cordial relationship shall exist between the authority and the people. Few considerations are to be looked into: 1 The political system can ignore the stress or the forces that have come from the environment. The biologists also use the term. It is quite unfortunate that political scientists of the traditional age ignored this. Then, there is a conversion that takes place, which is internal feedback within the government, and the outputs appear, which are rewards and deprivations.
Only by doing so, it can survive or exist over a period of time. In more concrete terms, it means the natural and human resources of the economy, ecological conditions, and all the other material and non-material variables. This article deals with David Easton's contribution to political science. This objective can be achieved with the help of an analysis which is called systems analysis. The limits or lines, which separate the environment from the political system, constitute its boundary. Output is turnout or production made by the political authorities.
Unimportant demands are scrutinised and regulated by and through various gate-keeping roles. Outputs are another aspect of the political system. But their interaction-circuits may remain incomplete or breakdown at any point, e. This abstract analytic system interacts with its environment, converting its inputs into outputs through processes or within puts, and feedback as shown in the following diagram: 2. It is not correct to hold the view that a political system always fights the outside forces. Daniel Mou is of the view that by conceptualising unfortunately a political system simply from the point of view of what it does or should do? The demands keep the system operating. The formation of new culture or tradition through the assimilation of different cultures and tradition is not new.
They are positive responses towards specific objects or level of a political system. The feedback loop can be analysed from several angles. It is to some extent mechanical. It is the duty of the political scientists not only to select the issues and problems but also to analyse them in the proper perspective. Political system, as such, is found everywhere. So it is a great necessity to build up a general theory for all political systems.