His conception, familiar in dominion constitutions, was absent in earlier Acts passed for India. Further, the seats which were reserved for Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs had to be filled via direct election while those reserved for Europeans, Anglo-Indians, Indian Christians and Depressed Classes were to be filled by Indirect election. Number of seats in the Federal Assembly. Provincial Legislature to amend the said section by a Bill or amendment introduced or moved with such previous sanction as is mentioned in subsection 1 of this section. Governor shall exercise his individual judgment. The council of state was a permanent body and consisted of one third of the member who was retiring every three years. They were not responsible to the legislature.
The main objectivity of the act of 1935 was that the government of India was under the British Crown. But this part of the act was never effected. This act by providing separate electorates for Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Europeans, Anglo Indians, Indian Christians etc. The main sources of the act were Simon Commission, the White Paper, the third round table conference and the Joint select committee report. Bombay Not less than 29 20 5 1 — — Not less than 3.
The colonial rule of India depended for its existence on its elaborate system of collaboration. In reckoning any such period of six months as is referred to in this subsection, no account shall be taken of any time during which the Legislature is prorogued or during which both Chambers are adjourned for more than four days. The Council of State 3 Of the one hundred and fifty-six seats in the Council of State to be filled by representatives of British India one hundred and fifty seats shall be allocated to the Governors' Provinces, the Chief Commissioners' Provinces and the Anglo-Indian, European and Indian Christian communities in the manner shown in division i of the relevant Table of Seats appended to this Part of this Schedule, and six seats shall be filled by persons chosen by the Governor-General in his discretion. Bharatmata ki jai — is the mantra for milking and worshiping, both. The representatives of the princely states were to be nominated by the rulers and not elected.
In Assam and Orissa the seats reserved for women shall be non-communal seats. Bose, Sugata, and Ayesha Jalal. Oddly, that restriction, which had been repealed in the Statute of Westminster in 1931, was here being reasserted in the Indian case. Establishment of Federal Court The Government of India Act, 1935 provided for the establishment of Federal Court to interpret the Act and adjudicate disputes relating to the federal matters. The committee went in session from April 1933 to December 1934 for deliberation and submitted its report to Parliament in the end of 1934.
The first secretary of state for India and Burma was Lord Dundas. Further, the Governor General was also responsible for the coordination of work between the two wings and for encouraging joint deliberations between the counsellors and the ministers. The British provinces and the chief commissioner province had to compulsorily join the federation. It is the district headquarters and a prominent historical place in the state of Karnataka. Seats to be filled by Legislative Assembly. The third round table conference was held in London which gave details of the working of the new constitution in India. They would then have a large number of representatives in the two houses of the central legislature.
This act of 1935 was extremely important for a no. It further extended the principle of communal electorate for depressed class Scheduled castes women and labour. It was argued that the minorities needed protection from the dominance of the majority community. The administration of the transferred subjects was to be done by Governor General on advice of the Council of Ministers whose number could not exceed 10. Panna Samthar Ajaigarh 1 212,130 33,307 85,895 10.
It governed India as this was the last major legislation that the British passed before Independence was granted. One part was central and the other part was the provincial. The idea was to assure the British Stakeholders of the railways that their investment was safe. It was also a way to keep the people divided. The provincial autonomy means two things. The term on which a state joined the Federation were to be laid down in the Instrument of Accession.
Residuary powers were given to the Viceroy. The Federal Assembly 17 The allocation of seats in the Federal Assembly, other than seats allotted to Indian States, shall be as shown in the relevant Table of Seats appended to this Part of this Schedule. However, doing so without good reason would totally sink their credibility with groups in India whose support the act was aimed at securing. Ostensibly because civil disobedience had erupted during his absence, a new governor-general, Lord Willingdon, jailed Gandhi. The report of the committee was published in 1934 that was contained in a bill of law. His control, however, remained intact over the powers of Governor General and Governors.
In the year 1932 British started the divide and rule policy. The lower house of the Assembly, the Indian Legislature Assembly, was not an independent body. Number of seats to be filled originally for nine years. According to this act, India would become a federation if 50% of Indian states decided to join it. With regard to the provinces, the act of 1935 was an improvement on the existing position. The tension increased considerably with Mahatma Gandhi's march to the sea in March 1930 and the British government of India's arrest of the entire Congress Working Committee following the ensuing upsurge in. The Indian contribution to the British war effort during the First World War meant that even the more conservative elements in the British political establishment felt the necessity of constitutional change, resulting in the Government of India Act 1919.
In rapid succession, the Motilal Nehru Report 1928 proposed essentially dominion status for India within the , followed by a Congress resolution calling for purna swaraj complete independence in 1929. Even this legislature, in which the Princes were once again to be used to check and counter the nationalist elements, was denied the real power. This act introduced for the first time the direct elections. In the Punjab one of the Landholders' seats shall be a seat to be filled by a Tumandar. The functions of the Governor under the proviso to this subsection shall be exercised by him in his discretion.