He was in the service of the King of Bijapur. However, Afzal Khan later seized an opportunity to kill Sambhaji by deceit. Since Shivaji ruled a major part of the Western coast area, he also commanded a strong navy force. The founder of the Maratha Kingdom, Shivaji was born to be a natural leader and fighter on 19th February, 1630 in the prestigious Shivneri Fort. Chhatrapati Shivaji was called as the 'Mountain Rat' and was widely known for his guerrilla warfare tactics. Although the fort was purloined and wrecked by the Britishers in 1818, much of its glory still remains. He employed soldiers from all religions and castes and also gave them respected designations.
He divided his kingdom into four provinces, where a Mamlatdar was the head. · Shivaji Maharaj looted Surat two times in 1664 and then in 1670: These raids were for economic reasons and to give Aurangazeb a message that if Mughals damage Deccan then he will get similar reply. Battle of Pratapgarh In a bid to contain Shivaji, Adil Shah sent Afzal Khan, an experienced veteran general along with an army of 40,000 men to destroy Shivaji. It is said that they met in a hut that only allowed them to carry a single sword, but Shivaji was sure that Afzal Khan would attack him. Shivaji Maharaj's speciality Quality of Shivaji Maharaj 1. Contrary to popular belief, Shivaji was not named after Lord Shiva.
He built a number of forts in his time and even acquired a large number along the way. On this day, in the schools and colleges are asked to write an essay and give a speech about Shivaji Maharaj. Years later young Madhavrao Peshwa who reclaimed Maratha glory and established his authority over North India. He feigned severe illness and arranged for baskets of sweets to be sent to temple as offerings for prayer. However, Sambhaji took possession of the Raigad Fort after killing the commander.
The Chakan fort and the Kondana Fort were taken by bribing the Adil shahi governor. With his flawless warrior skills and unlimited courage, he ruled the Deccan region, parts of central India and parts of modern day Pakistan with a firm hand. All three ruled by right of conquest, with no pretense that they had any obligations toward those who they ruled. He also allowed people to convert back to being a Hindu after having converted to Islam under Aurangazeb. He explored the Sahyadri mountains and became very familiar with the territories. In the battle with the Mughals, the Marathas adopted the guerilla system. Soon Adil Shaha started getting restless and felt threatened.
After that there was no stopping him and he went on to capture Kondana and Rajgad forts and exercised full control over the region of Pune. Administration Under his reign, the Maratha administration was established where Chhatrapati was the supreme sovereign and a team of eight ministers were appointed to oversee the proper enforcement of various policies. Shivaji was a quick-witted king. He was given god-like stature for his deeds. In his kingdom, there were strict punishment for crimes against women 9. One of the most able administrators and ruler in India was undoubtedly Chhatrapati Shivaji. But things turned sour between them when his officers raided the Mughal territory near Ahmednagar.
In 1674 he made himself king. Mother Jijabai used to tell Shivneri the story of heroism in childhood, which she reads on Shivaji. But little did he know that Shivaji Maharaj was one step ahead of him. He personally looked after the working of various departments. Tell us by comment or Shivaji Maharaj History in Marathi.
With his valor and great administrative skills, Shivaji carved out an enclave from the declining Adilshahi sultanate of Bijapur. Sindhudurg fort also has only Shivaji Maharaj temple in world. Aurangzeb directed Shaista Khan, Governor of Deccan and his maternal uncle, to subdue Shivaji. Shivaji is known for his protective and fatherly attitude towards his citizens. Many movies, Povadas ballad songs , songs are made to commemorate Shivaji Maharaj. He knew that to protect India from foreign invaders, a naval fleet was required. All these incidents are the indicators of his bravery, sharp mind and decision making abilities as a king and a true leader.
Used as an anchor for Maratha warships, Vijaydurg is encircled by the Waghotan creek. Chhatrapati Shivaji was one of the bravest, most progressive and sensible rulers of India. He was born on 19 Feb 1630 in the fort of Junnar. As the nation celebrates Shivaji Jayanti and remembers the key figures of Indian history, here are some interesting facts about the Chhatrapati: 1. According to Julian calendar, he was born on 19th February 1630. Lohagad Having conquered this fort twice by Shivaji Maharaj, Lohagad held its prime importance due to its strategic location.