The idea of one Nigeria dates back to 1914 with the Frederick Lugard Constitution. These notwithstanding, the committee forged ahead and ended its proceedings on June 18, 1981with the eventual impeachment of Alhaji Balarabe Musa as the Governor of Kaduna State. To the end of his life, deeply saddened by the death of his wife in 1929, he worked almost incessantly in his secluded house on a survey of matters affecting the interests of native races both inside and outside the. Directly below the supreme military council was the federal executive council. The Richard constitution linked the Native Authorities with the Regional Assemblies and through the Regional Assemblies to the Central legislative. Because members of the elite lacked a material base for their aspirations, they resorted to control of state offices the resources.
Also, these were meant to serve as advisory bodies to the lieutenant governors Provision of the federal principle which transferred deliberative authority to the regions and further recognized the diversity of Nigeria Emphasis on the promotion of regionalism as a possible means of achieving political coalition. In those channels, their disenchantment will be safely buried. Nigeria: 58 years of what? Still On The C onstitutional Development In Nigeria From 1914 Till Date Post-Independence Constitutional Era In 1960, Nigeria gained political independence as a sovereign which was also accompanied by a new constitution known as the 1960 Constitution. The 1914 Constitution created a Legislative Council of the Colony which was however restricted to making laws for the Colony of Lagos alone, whilst the Governor General made laws for the rest of the country. When she rejected him, Lugard decided to make a fresh start in Africa. He realised that there were vast profits to be made through the export of resources such as rubber, and through taxation of native populations as well as importers and exporters The British taxpayer continually made a loss from the colonies in this period.
The Queen of England was still head of the Nigeria government represented by Governor-General Dr. He was to create a British-officered African regiment that he was to employ in a second attempt to fend off the French, who then were competing with the British right across Africa from the Niger to the Nile. The Constitution, however, made regional governments independent of the central government. McCracken 2012 , A History of Malawi, 1859—1966, Woodbridge, James Currey pp. The Richard constitution 1946: Prior to the Richard constitution of 1946, there were series of political and economic agitating by Nigerian, propelled by the Nationalist activities propagated by the Nigerian youth Movement particularly by elites who were alienated from participation in their own affair and government by the colonial government. These figures eliminated whatever hope the southerners had of ruling the Federation.
However, by designating the Governor-General as a representative and agent of the British Queen or Monarch — instead of the People of the independent and sovereign state of Nigeria, the effect was to render Nigeria a dominion territory — a status which contradicted the very nature and basis of the independence claimed in 1960. The unity of the union is settled, not negotiable. He abolished the Nigerian council and in its place a new legislative council was set up for the whole of Southern Protectorate. He was the son of the Rev'd Frederick Grueber Lugard, a British Army chaplain at Madras, and his third wife Mary Howard 1819—1865 , the youngest daughter of Rev'd John Garton Howard 1786—1862 , a younger son of landed gentry from and near York. As implied earlier, constitutional development in Nigeria can be divided into two broad eras which are the colonial or pre-independence constitutional era and the post-colonial or post-independence constitutional era.
The constitution supported the division of the Northern and Southern provinces of the protectorate. Moreover, immunity clause is a sharp contrast against natural law and equity. Industry and hardwork are relegated to the background by medieval politics of entitlement. Upon independence from British colonialism in 1960, Nigeria came up with its first constitution as a sovereign state. But they are too opportunistic to be bothered by justice. While administering Uganda, he journeyed round the to , mapping a large area of the country.
Eight years later, the 1914 Constitution was replaced by the 1922 Sir Clifford Constitution. However, the colonial masters, largely for economic and administrative reasons, felt that there was a need to merge the Northern and Southern Protectorates into a single colony. There was an astrosphere of insecurity and bitterness in the Eastern part as well as the question of reparation thereto. O Abiola emerged as the winner and was expected to restore democracy by ascending the Presidential seat. The majority is not interested in correcting foundational defects.
Sending us an email at lawnigeria gmail. The authority for the righteousness of their patriotism is the constitution. Corruption hampers the country from progress. He was appointed to the in the 1920 New Year Honours. Consultations were made at various level and the draft of the new constitution was approved by regional assemblies and central legislative council before final submission to the governor. The body solely responsible for law-making and adjudication was the king or his representatives.
The series of intermittent armed clashes that took place up to mid-1889 is known as the , or sometimes the Arab War. In this light, the second phrase of her constitutional development began. During this period he served first on the and was involved in organising the. But this notwithstanding, if power must be share adequately between the centre and the federating units, reducing over centralization of power at the centre, the other tiers of government must be ready to increased their responsibilities and established that more power at the state and local government level would not jeopardize the corporate existence of Nigeria. Old fears of domination were resurrected and the stability of the federation was again seriously threatened. Since the era of independence, Nigeria has undergone a series of crises which have resulted in constitutional changes.
The Guardians: the League of Nations and the Crisis of Empire. The 1914 Constitution amalgamated the Colony and Protectorate of Southern Nigeria with the Protectorate of Northern Nigeria under the colonial authority of the British Monarch. For the human, it is those who bring the child into the world that are responsible for its upbringing including providing instruction as to how to survive in a competitive environment. Lagos was made a crown colony. In August 1890, Lugard departed on foot from Mombasa for to secured British predominance over German influence in the area and put an end to the civil disturbances between factions in the.