Resolved, That we, the citizens of Meck- lenburg County, do hereby dissolve the political bands which have connected us to the mother coun- try, and hereby absolve ourselves from all alle- giance to the British Crown, and abjure all political connection, contract, or association, with that nation, who have wantonly trampled on our rights and lib- erties, and inhumanly shed the blood of American patriots at Lexington. The facts are that James Harris, a native of Yorkshire, England, first settled on the Susquehanna in 1719. John Ashe, who, with a large body of men, destroyed the fort and carried away the guns. And, therefore, argue these would-be defenders, as those four men of Mecklenburg did serve as members of this Provincial association, there never could have been a Declaration of Independence made at Char- lotte. But Harris- burg was not laid out as a town till sixty-five years after. A child of Irish parentage, Mr.
When Cornwallis reached Colonel Folk's, on Sugar Creek, in order to save the burning of his home, the destruction of his property, and the suffering of his family, he was forced to take British protection, which merely was understood to protect himself, family and property from molesta- tion, without implying any pledge for sympathy or service. But their grievances increasing a few years pre- ceding the Revolution of 1688, their ministers imprisoned for holding fasts, the Alexanders re- solved to seek quiet and repose in the New World. Now that we know the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence was published in the Cape Fear Mercury as early as June, 1775, let us inquire what became of that journal and ascertain why it cannot be produced. In this Centennial year it is pleasant and profitable to revert to the deeds of noble daring and lofty patriotism of our forefathers, and strive to emulate their illustrious examples. Andrew Stevenson, a friend of Mr.
Besides, in his address at Charlotte, before referred to. One of the Mecklenburg County Committee of Safety meetings which would become a significant date in North Carolina history was called to order on May 19, 1775, by Col. Cradle of Liberty: Historical Essays Concerning the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence. Colonel, and William Davidson, Major. The entry is unsigned and undated, but internal evidence suggests that it was written in 1783 in , by a merchant named Traugott Bagge. He had been but a brief period returned from South Carolina when he was called to lead his regiment against the Tory High- landers on the Cape Fear in February, 1776, and reaching Cross Creek, now Fayetteville, received intelligence of the decisive victory of Caswell and Lillington over the insurgents, and returned home.
The eleven-day discrepancy between the two sets of resolutions—May 20 and May 31—may result from some confusion of. That Governors in different Colonies have declared pro- tection to slaves who should imbrue their hands in the blood of their masters. Jefferson, it was the resolves of that date, and not the Mecklenburg Declaration, that were adopted in May, 1775. And this was done full eight months before the Continental Con- gress advised the Colonies to change the form of their governments. That for the better preservation of the peace and administration of justice, each of those companies do choose from their own body two discreet freeholders, who shall be empowered each by himself, and singly, to decide and determine all matters of controversy arising within said company, under the sum of twenty shillings, and jointly and together all controversies under the sum of forty shillings, yet so as their decisions may admit of appeal to the Convention of the Select Men of the County, and also that any one of these men shall have power to examine and commit to confinement persons accused of petit larceny. That the ships belonging to America are declared prizes of war, and many of them have been violently seized and confiscated. Those who could afford it had coffee for breakfast on Sunday morning, before they went to church, but at no other time.
Like our hometown Jonesborough, Charlotte was once the Western Frontier of North Carolina and it was fascinating to see the fierce independence of those early Scotts-Irish and their determination to define their own lives and freedom. That out of 30 shots fired, 20 should have done execution, is quite a new experience in the history of war, and several of Thompson's men thought that every shot would have told, so deliberate was their aim, had each singled out a different object; but in two or more instances, aiming at the same person. In April he was recommended by the Provincial Congress to the command of the Fourth of the six Continental regiments, which the Continental Con- gress confirmed early in May ; and the same month he was ordered with his regiment to join General Moore at Cape Fear. He was promoted to first major of Mecklenburg militia under Col. He married Anne Price, of Maryland, also of Scotch-Irish descent, and settled many years before the Revolution in the Mecklen- burg district, twelve miles northeast of Charlotte, at what is still known as the old Barry tanyard. The biographer of Patrick Henry Mr. Thus were means for public education provided and sustained, until the institution was suspended by the subsequent British invasion of the country.
Mecklenburg County has several other communities, including Cornelius, Mint Hill, Davidson, Huntersville, Matthews, Allen, Paw Creek, Pineville, Newell, and Caldwell. As it was, he ever afterwards bore marks of the severity of the blow aimed at his life. Stevenson ever participated in the debate, although, with the Cape Fear Mercury in his possession, he could have settled the controversy for all time. The authenticity of the Mecklenburg Declaration has been disputed since it was published, forty-four years after it was reputedly written. Resolved, That it is also further decreed, that all, each and every military officer in this County, is hereby reinstated to his former command and authority, he acting conformably to these regulations, and that every member present of this delegation shall henceforth be a civil officer, viz. Smith University, and Davidson College are the four academic universities in the county. As all former laws are now suspended in this Province, and the Congress has not yet provided others, we judge it necessary for the better preserva- tion of good order, to form certain rules and regula- tions for the Internal Government of this county, until laws shall be provided for us by the Congress.
Every one of the thirty-five counties, into which the province was then divided, was represented, and every borough town. I set out the following month, say June, and in passing through Salisbury, the General Court was sitting at the request of the court I handed a copy of the resolutions to Col. I find it mentioned on file that the original book was burned April, 1800. Another tradition is related of the same person. The delegates appointed a committee of their body who were called 'a committee of safety, and they were empowered to examine all persons brought before them charged with being inimical to the common cause, and to send the military into the neighboring counties to arrest suspected persons. A sentinel placed on watch, within a few steps of where the Americans were advancing, appeared to be alarmed, though he had not seen them.
However, at that time the Congress was debating and approving a petition to the King asking for reconciliation so the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence was forgotten and not head from outside of Mecklenburg County for many years. As to the names of those who drew up the Declara- tion, I am inclined to think Doctor Brevard was the principal, from his known talents in composition. The story goes that when residents of Mecklenburg County heard about the battles of Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts that started the American Revolution, they decided they'd had enough. The Catawba were the first Indians to settle in the Mecklenburg area. This course is deemed by the committee the more proper, because the Journal is now out of print, and it is highly probable that the copy in the possession of the committee is the only one now extant.
He was held in high esteem by all who knew him, and died at an advanced age, in 1821. On September 9, 1775, he was appointed by the Provincial Congress colonel of the militia of Meck- lenburg, and in November and December following, marched at the head of six companies, aggregating three hundred men, into the southeastern part of South Carolina to aid in suppressing an outbreak of the Tories in that quarter. Dunn, on giving security and making fair promises, was permitted to return, and Booth was sentenced to go to Camden, in South Carolina, out of the sphere of his influence. Isaac Alexander held various offices of trust in the county, while his brother Charles occupied the old homestead, married a Miss Means, and had several talented sons, who died young. If the declaration is mentioned in scholarly works, it is usually to discount it. Soon thereafter, accompanied by Colonels Neal, Irwin, Hill and Lacy, he made a vigorous assault against the post of Rocky Mount, but failed in reducing it for the want of artillery.
A select committee was then appointed to draw a more full and definite statement of grievances, and a more formal Declaration of Independence. Graham on the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence. The committee were organized in the Court-house by appointing Abra- ham Alexander, Esq. Early in July, 1780, General Sumter had taken refuge in Mecklenburg county, and having enlisted a considerable number of brave and dashing recruits in that chivalric region, returned to South Carolina prepared for new and daring exploits. But thus it appears on record. Alexander was a man of medium size, dark skin, with a good intellectual face, neat and tidy in his dress; he was very dignified, and had the reputation of being a very sensible person. And in the same pamphlet Alexander is cor- roborated by George Graham, William Hutchison, Jonas Clark, and Robert Robinson, four citizens of Mecklenburg County, and all eye-witnesses to the proceedings of the delegates.