This instrument was later adopted by the Greeks and Romans. From the Middle Ages to the present, the clarinet, a reeded instrument, has acquired and lost many different elements through out the course of time. He was also a noted musician and composer, as well as a benefactor of artists. In 1810, Ogiński withdrew from political activity in exile and, disappointed with Napoleon, returned to. Apart from his political and military career, he was a noted engineer and musician. Clarinets with one, two, and even three reeds were used in many cultures and some are still being played today e.
As a composer, he is best known for his polonaise Farewell to My Homeland, written in 1794 in the Zalesie region on the occasion of his emigration to Western Europe after the failure of the Kościuszko Uprising. After 1790, he was sent to The Hague as a diplomatic representative of Poland to the Netherlands and was Polish agent in Constantinople and Paris. In 1794 he wrote a polonaise Farewell to the Homeland Pożegnanie ojczyzny. Michał Kleofas Ogiński was a Lithuanian- Polish composer, diplomat and politician, Lithuanian Grand Treasurer and Russian senator. Baltic connections: archival guide to the maritime relations of the countries around the Baltic Sea including the Netherlands 1450-1800, Volume 1, Brill, 2007, p.
Adam Jerzy Czartoryski introduced him to Tsar Alexander I, who made Ogiński a Russian Senator. Defeated by the Russian forces under in the , he was forced into exile. His first introduction to music arose during a visit to relatives at Słonim where Michał Kazimierz Ogiński had a contemporary European theatre that hosted opera and ballet productions. Works Oginski was fond of Italian and French opera, played violin, clavichord and balalaika. Ogiński was born in Guzów, Żyrardów County near Warsaw in the Polish Kingdom part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Mikoś, Polish Baroque and Enlightenment literature: an anthology, Slavica Publishers, 1996, p.
In 1802 he settled in Zalesie, near Vilnius, and as a senator of the Russian empire, frequently visited St. A biographical dictionary of eminent living characters of both sexes', London: George Routlege and sons, 1865, p. The clarinet is an instrument that has evolved through the ages. He also modified the design of the and wrote several musical compositions. He composed some 20 polonaises, piano pieces, mazurkas, marches, romances and waltzes. This piece, with its unreservedly melancholic melodies and fantasia-like passages, can be considered among the earliest examples of romantic music.
He died in Florence in 1833. In 1810, Ogiński withdrew from political activity in exile and, disappointed with Napoleon, returned to Vilnius. He also founded numerous factories and foundries in the lands belonging to. The Russians outlawed him and seized all his lands. Ogiński served as an adviser to King Stanisław August Poniatowski and supported him during the Great Sejm of 1788—1792. Ogiński studied piano with J. During the Kościuszko Uprising in 1794, Ogiński commanded his own unit.
Ogiński tried in vain to convince the Tsar to reconstitute the former Commonwealth. Johann Denner was an instrument maker from Nuremberg, is generally credited with the invention of the clarinet, which evolved from the chalumeau toward the end of the 17th century. Garlington, 'Men of the Time. It was played as a double instrument which means it had two cylindrical pipes that were made of reeds and tied together. Thereafter he lived in exile successively in Vienna, Venice and Paris. It is not clear as to what innovations Denner made the clarinet.
He composed some 20 polonaises, piano pieces, mazurkas, marches, romances and waltzes. However, in 1768 he was allowed to return and was nominated to the rank of the , thus becoming one of two highest-ranking military commanders in the Polish—Lithuanian state. Johann's son, Jakob followed in his footsteps and began producing clarinets with two keys and a wider bore. The chalumeau's cylindrical bell was replaced by one that flares, and the clarinet tubing was given its characteristic barrel shaped bulge below the mouthpiece. He died in in 1833. His father Andrius was Lithuanian nobleman and governor of Trakai, in Lithuania; his mother, Paula Paulina Szembek 1740—1797 , was a daughter of the Polish magnate Marek Szembek, whose ancestors were Austrians, and Yadviga Rudnicka, who was of polonised Lithuanian descent the family name's root is of Lithuanian origin and the suffix indicates polonisation of her family name. Michał Kleofas received an Enlightenment gentleman's education.
At the new place of living Oginski built a new palace, an English-style park, a greenhouse, a zoopark and collected a lot of books for his library. Career Aged only 20, Ogiński was chosen as an envoy of the Polish—Lithuanian Commonwealth. Kozłowski and violin with I. Ogiński tried in vain to convince the Tsar to rebuild the Polish State. Adam Jerzy Czartoryski introduced him to Tsar Alexander I, who made Ogiński a Russian Senator. He was also a composer of early Romantic music. His mother, Paulina Szembek 1740—1797 , was the daughter of Polish magnate, Marek Szembek, whose ancestors were Austrian, and Jadwiga Rudnicka, who was of Lithuanian descent.