Outlined below are a few of the most commonly followed guidelines for including direct quotes into your own work. Refer to the page number for traditional texts. Short quotations can be included as part of a larger sentence or within a paragraph in the body of your paper. The first paragraph will be cited as usual, the first line of the second paragraph will be indented by an additional ¼ inch to indicate the start of a new paragraph. For example, note numbers are omitted, end-of-line hyphenation is not reproduced, and double quotation marks in the source are converted to single marks.
Each element is followed by a comma or a period as shown , though the final element in a Works Cited entry is always followed by a period. Nested quotes follow a hierarchical structure of alternating between double quotation marks and single quotation marks. If you find yourself writing a quote within a quote within a quote, i. Use line numbers for verse sources. Continue double spacing for the quotation. Here is a simple and efficient way of how format a block quote in Word. The whole fury and might of the enemy must very soon be turned on us… Churchill 1940 When citing long poems poems with more than three lines , guidelines state to maintain as much of the original formatting as possible.
At the end of the block quote include your in text citation with authors last name and page number within parenthesis. Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented ½ inch from the left margin; maintain double-spacing. Here are two examples: Miranda, Lin-Manuel, and Jeremy McCarter. Location, in this context, refers to the location e. Place your in-text citation at the end after the closing punctuation mark. Where does the punctuation go in single quotes? Here are the three takeaway points.
She is a freelance writer and communications consultant living in Reno, Nev. New York: Modern Language Association of America. Okay, I whined, and he quickly rebuffed. Jones would frequently encourage his students to think outside of the box. In addition, the first and subsequent lines of each citation should be indented a half an inch from the left margin. Generally speaking, to cite a secondary source, you would cite the original source in the text of your paper, but you would provide a reference to the secondary source in the reference list. In this case, enclose the text in a free standing block of text aka block quote and omit any quotation marks.
A Short Explanation and Example of How to Format Dialogue The process for writing dialog follows the same basic guidelines. When omitting words from poetry quotations, use a standard three-period ellipses; however, when omitting one or more full lines of poetry, space several periods to about the length of a complete line in the poem:. What, must our mouths be cold? Because movies do not have page numbers, you only need the title, either in a single phrase or in parentheses following the quote. When you tell the reader which source you are referring to within the text of your paper, this is called an in-text citation. If your omission is at the end of the sentence, i.
Short quotations To indicate short quotations four typed lines or fewer of prose or three lines of verse in your text, enclose the quotation within double quotation marks. You should maintain double-spacing throughout your essay. Right after the last quotation mark include your in text citation with authors last name and page number within parenthesis. From its birth in the late nineteenth century, progressive education has wrestled with the conflict within industrial society between pressure to increase specialization of knowledge and of professional work upholding disciplinary standards and pressure to integrate more fully an ever-widerning number of citizens into intellectually meaningful activity within mass society promoting social equity. Here is an example of a long block quote, this time a prose example. Summary I hope this helps anyone wondering how to quote a quote and when to use single quotes. Put the title first, alphabetizing by the first major word and italicizing the title.
Jules Bass and Arthur Rankin Jr. Cartelli 29 Quotations with less then fours lines will be in the regular text of you paper, with double quotations. Spirko holds a Master of Arts from the Shakespeare Institute, Stratford-on-Avon, England. The words should be in double quotes in the original. The Science of Psychology: An Appreciative Review. The first line of the excerpt should not be further indented, unless you are quoting multiple paragraphs—in which case the first line of each quoted paragraph should be further indented 0. You may omit from the parentheses where you place the locator.
Punctuation in British English In British English, periods and commas are placed outside of the closing quotation mark, unless these marks form part of the quotation itself. Doyle 82 If you quote two or more paragraphs, indent the first line of each paragraph an additional ¼ inch. Place question marks and exclamation points after the parenthetical citation as well, unless they are part of the actual passage. On your works cited page you will only include the source that you actually looked at. Add a parenthetical citation at the end of the sentence. In American English, quoted material nested inside double quotes uses single quotes.
Skip this step if your quotation is only a single paragraph. With respect to the dash, semicolon, question mark, and exclamation point, the American English and British English practice is the same. Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. Ernst, Steve, and Liza Neustaetter. Sometimes, this is called an indirect source.