Marley tells Scrooge to expect visits throughout the night from three spirits. In addition to smiling and being friendly to everyone he sees, he sends a large turkey to the Cratchits, gives a sizable donation to the charity worker he previously insulted, and has a wonderful time at Fred's party. Students should take this opportunity to select something in Scrooge's past that caused him to act the way he does. One problem is that Murray frequently interjects one-liners that are at right-angles to the material, blocking the flow of the story. Then he hears a rattling sound emanating from the cellar. The three ghosts and Jacob Marley, change Scrooge for the better.
He was influenced by the experiences of his own youth and by the Christmas stories of other authors including and. Horrified by what he read, Dickens planned to publish an inexpensive political pamphlet tentatively titled, An Appeal to the People of England, on behalf of the Poor Man's Child, but changed his mind, deferring the pamphlet's production until the end of the year. Marley meets him there to show him to his quarters. Tiny Tim is dead, the Cratchits are bankrupt, and also Scrooge himself is dead with no one to mourn him—just a bunch of people to rob his corpse. Scrooge recognizes the phantom at once. He is greeted by the first spirit, the Ghost of Christmas Past, a candle-like apparition that is brightly glowing and reminds Scrooge of youth and age at the same time.
In early 1843 he toured the , where he was angered by seeing in appalling conditions. Scrooge realizes how empty his life is, and decides that it is never too late to make changes. Scrooge witnesses the hardships that the Cratchit family is going through, including not having enough money for a proper Christmas meal, and the illness of the youngest son, Tiny Tim. A strange voice tells him to enter, and when he does, he sees his room has been decked out with Christmas decorations and a feast. Christmas Present, played by More, is a Falstaffian sort of guy with a big belly and a hearty laugh, who doesn't look like a ghost at all. He encourages Scrooge to deny Ignorance in himself and others.
Scrooge also surprises his nephew with a surprise visit, an invitation which he has repeatedly declined. At hearing this, Scrooge demands to be removed from the scene. Scrooge feels a great degree of concern for this little child who is so full of life, irrespective of his illness. Scrooge finally discovers that he is the one who has died and whose death has only pleased people. Scrooge, anxious to learn the lesson of his latest visitor, begs to know the name of the dead man.
After a while, he sees a light come from the adjacent room. Then, they see Scrooge as an apprentice with the Fezziwigs — it is a joyous time of parties and music. He is glad of this, because it means that night and day have not entirely merged — he fears the disruption to trade. Trembling all over, Scrooge crept up to the gravestone and read the name upon it. Fezziwig, who was kind and generous to his employees. The cold within him froze his old features, nipped his pointed nose, shrivelled his cheek, stiffened his gait; made his eyes red, his thin lips blue; and spoke out shrewdly in his grating voice. The Ghost brings Scrooge to a number of other happy Christmas dinners in the city, as well as to celebrations in a miner's house, a lighthouse, and on a ship.
The ghost takes him out into the sky, where dozens of phantoms float, and warns him that he may share their fate. The first printing contained drab olive that Dickens felt were unacceptable, and the publisher Chapman and Hall quickly replaced them with yellow endpapers, but, once replaced, those clashed with the title page, which was then redone. From now on, I will keep Christmas in my heart throughout the year. He had left his office door wide open, to have an eye on his clerk, Bob Cratchit. Scrooge's nephew replies that he benefits from Christmas because it's a time when people are open and giving.
Cratchit was getting the Xmas dinner ready. His , and the local steal his possessions to sell to a. The first ghost that is sent by Marley is the ghost of Christmas past. Scrooge started to struggle with the ghost. For the character Tiny Tim, Dickens used his nephew Henry, a disabled boy who was five at the time A Christmas Carol was written. The author has remarkably assigned the appearance of these characters to be in sync with their nature. Scrooge and Marley Ebenezer Scrooge is the miserly old banker and broker in A Christmas Carol, a novella by Charles Dickens.
On the stroke of one, a hand lured back the curtain around his bed… Scrooge gasped. Sobbing, Scrooge pledges to change his ways. They go to another Christmas, where Young Scrooge is apprenticed at a warehouse. Spoiler alert: Christmas Yet to Come is a pretty sucky place. After their visits, Scrooge is transformed into a kinder, gentler man. In February 1843 the Second Report of the Children's Employment Commission was published. In 1901 it was produced as , a British film; it was one of the first known adaptations of a Dickens work on film, but it is now largely.