Jem plays Boo, Dill plays Mr. When Scout explains that Walter can't pay back the lunch money Miss Caroline offered, the teacher taps Scout's hand with a ruler and makes her stand in the corner of the room. Scout asks her one day about Boo Radley, and Miss Maudie says that he's still alive, he just doesn't like to come outside. They imagine him as a kind of monster. At the same time, Scout undergoes an inevitable disillusionment as she is exposed to the reality of human nature. Radley's death, his older brother Nathan arrived to continue to watch over Boo and keep him inside and out of sight.
Scout, Jem, and Dill sneak into the courthouse to see the trial and sit in the balcony with Maycomb's black population. Later, Tom is shot to death while attempting to escape prison. To Kill a Mockingbird was nominated for eight Academy Awards—including Best Supporting Actress for Mary Badham, Best Director, Best Cinematography, Best Music, and Best Picture—and won three: Best Writing Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium for Foote, Best Art Direction-Set Direction Black-and-White , and the aforementioned Best Actor in a Leading Role. Miss Maudie is opposed to these staunch, strict ideas but is also religious, showing that perhaps she finds a relationship between maintaining beautiful things in the world and connecting with God. The chapter also establishes that Scout is a very intelligent and precocious child who learned how to read through her natural instinct, sitting on Atticus's lap and following along in his book. When Bob Ewell arrived, he flew into a rage and beat Mayella, while Tom ran away in fright. Caitlin is encouraged to look at the person who is speaking to her, to recognize her own feelings and how her behavior affects others.
Miss Maudie is honest in her speech and her ways, with a witty tongue, and Scout considers her a trusted friend. One boy, , has no pail and refuses to accept Miss Caroline's loan of a quarter to buy something with. The Cunninghams are not all necessarily illiterate and ignorant because of a lack of intelligence, but because they are subject to a system which subverts their chances of receiving a good education. The Ewell children only need to come to school for the first day, and then the town will overlook the fact that they are absent, even though schooling is mandatory for all children. The narrator notes that the remainder of the book will explain how this injury occurred, and the novel concludes with this event. By introducing Miss Caroline, who is like a foreigner in the school, Lee also reveals Maycomb culture to the reader.
As the novel progresses, Scout and Jem struggle to maintain faith in the human capacity for good in light of these recurring instances of human evil. The chapter introduces the Ewell family, who will figure heavily into the latter part of the book. At the Finch house, Atticus and Walter discuss farming, and Scout is overwhelmed by their adult speech. Boo has lived as a prisoner in his own home after getting into trouble as a teen; when he was in his thirties he stabbed his father in the leg with a pair of scissors. Miss Maudie's description of Boo helps the children understand him as a victim of his upbringing. Radley, but Jem insists on going. One day, Jem invites one of his poorest classmates, Walter Cunningham, over for lunch.
Sally kept saying how beautiful the show was, which provoked this comment from Holden. All the other children in the class understand this: growing up in this setting teaches children that people can behave a certain way simply because of the family or group that they come from. Jem rolls Scout inside an old tire, but he pushes so hard that it ends up in the Radley's yard. Dill thinks Boo Radley died and Jem says they stuffed his body up the chimney. The children continue to sneak around the Radley house at night.
Similarly, Scout and Jem will learn the full importance of justice later in the book through the trial of Tom Robinson, where justice is withheld and denied to a black man. The Radleys are also differentiated from the community by their willful isolation from the usual patterns of social interaction, which causes the town to ostracize them and unreasonably turn the mysterious Boo into a scapegoat for any odd and unfortunate circumstances that occur. A tree near the Radley house has a knot-hole in which someone leaves little presents for them. Radley, Boo's father, had only been seen on his daily trip to collect groceries from 11:30am-12pm, and the family worshipped together in their own home on Sundays. Jem is gone for a little while, but returns with the pants, trembling. The falling action of the book takes place on Halloween, a few months after the trial. This narrative device allows the reader to understand more about some of the events that Scout recounts than the young narrator is completely aware of.
Scout is almost six, and Jem is almost ten. She often looks up to Atticus, who always displays an upright, solidly moral response for his reactions to events. In 2005, the British Film Institute included it in their list of the 50 films you should see by the age of 14. Scout doesn't want them to do it, but Jem accuses her of being girlish, an insult she can't bear, and she goes along with it. The inciting incident in To Kill a Mockingbird occurs in chapter nine, when Scout learns from other children that her father is defending a black man, Tom Robinson, who has been charged with assaulting Mayella Ewell, a white woman. He tells them to stop tormenting Boo, and lectures them about how Boo has a right to his privacy, and that they shouldn't go near the house unless they're invited.
If the author of the SparkNotes is known, they should be the first author. The night before the trial, Tom is moved into the county jail. Atticus hopes for an appeal, but Tom tries to escape from his prison and is shot to death in the process. Boo's brother thinks he hears a prowler and fires his gun. He accuses them of putting Boo's life history on display for the edification of the neighborhood. They invent a new game about Boo Radley.
Therefore, when Miss Caroline writes the alphabet on the board and Scout reads it through easily, then reads from her reader and from the local paper, Miss Caroline forbids Scout to let Atticus teach her to read anymore. Through her neighborhood meanderings and the influence of her father, she grows to understand that the world isn't always fair and that prejudice is a very real aspect of the small town where she lives, no matter how subtle it appears to be on the surface. The journey of this one individual against the mores of the entire group, though performed here in fear and on a dare, symbolically speaks toward events that will follow when Atticus defends Tom Robinson in court and Scout breaks up the threatening mob of townspeople. While it is always a risk to faithfully adapt a classic novel to the film medium, it certainly paid off for To Kill a Mockingbird—both the film and novel versions have left their indelible impact on the world, and will continue to do so for many years to come. They polish it up over the summer into a little dramatic reenactment of all the gossip they've heard about Boo and his family, including a scene using Calpurnia's scissors as a prop. They provide chapter-by-chapter analysis; explanations of key themes, motifs, and symbols; a review quiz; and essay topics. Their sister Alexandra remained at Finch's Landing.