Carative Factors Watson initially developed the carative factors in 1979 with an initial revision in 1985 and further revision in 1988. The attending nurse caring model: Integrating theory, evidence and advanced caring-healing therapeutics for transforming professional practice. Lower-order biophysical needs include food and fluid, elimination, and ventilation. I will then describe how I integrated the carative factors into the transpersonal relationship that occurred between me and the patient. Foundation Established in 1979, the Kaweah Delta Hospital Foundation addresses the health needs of our community by supporting Kaweah Delta Health Care District.
Nurses and patients should share caring moments that become bigger than either the nurse or the patient, and the nurse potentiates healing by involving their own humanity Watson, 2006. The transpersonal carative factor the nurse sees herself as part of a duo nurse and patient. Watson believes nurses should bring their own faith and hope for the future to the table when interacting with patients. Many nursing definitions and theories have evolved over time. During this interaction I have learned that sometimes non-verbal actions are more powerful than words.
Her work in both its original and evolving forms, seeks to develop care as an ontological and theoretical-philosophical-ethical framework for the profession and discipline of nursing and clarify its mature relationship and distinct intersection with other health services Watson, date unknown. Nursing Science Quarterly, 15, 184- 189. Intervention is the implementation of the care plan and data collection. Journal of Nursing Research Taiwan Nurses Association , 17 4 , 293-300. Many men and women enter the nursing field because they see it as a career that cares about people. Hope is guided by our commitment as nurses to our patients. International Journal for Human Caring, 17 4 , 16-19.
Every now and then I receive kind words from her telling me about how much I have made a difference in her life and how grateful she is for having me as her nurse. Jean Watson defines caring as a science. The nursing model also states that caring can be demonstrated and practiced by nurses. Decision making—keep patients first in all decisions. Nursing student caring behaviors during blood pressure measurement. They are often frightened with the knowledge of their imminent death and in unfamiliar surroundings. Watson defines person not only as a spiritual being, but also as a material physical being that is also a part of nature and the physical world.
List of Jean Watson Articles — Choose One: Arslan-Ozkan, I. Applying the art and science of human caring. Watson graduated from the Lewis Gale School of Nursing in 1961, and then continued her nursing studies at the University of Colorado at Boulder. Theory of Caring When you approach St. According to Cara 2003 , the carative factors created by Watson include these ten elements: 1. Using King's Goal Attainment Theory to facilitate drug compliance in a psychiatric patient.
I also create a keepsake box that includes a book that the family can write their feelings in. As her theory evolved, the concept of clinical caritas were introduced by Watson to replace the original carative factors noting that the caritas originates from the Greek vocabulary, meaning to cherish and to give special loving attention 2001. Hope and commitment are ingredients of caring. Psychologists are comforting and require attentive listening skills to help their patients. She was concerned about her discharge and what her children and soon to have grandchildren will think of her if she is unable to play and care for them.
A caring attitude is not transmitted from generation to generation by genes. It is defined as a high level of overall physical, mental, and social functioning; a general adaptive-maintenance level of daily functioning; and the absence of illness, or the presence of efforts leading to the absence of illness. The model can be used to guide and improve practice as it can equip healthcare providers with the most satisfying aspects of practice and can provide the client with holistic care. Carative Factors and Caritas Processes Carative Factors Caritas Process 1. Transpersonal The transpersonal concept is an intersubjective human-to-human relationship in which the nurse affects and is affected by the person of the other. Weakness The theory does not furnish explicit direction about what to do to achieve authentic caring-healing relationships. It is also a time when they can determine how to react and what to do during that moment.
Journal of Nursing Education, 47 3 , 98-104. According to Watson, caring, which is manifested in nursing, has existed in every society. Watson and her followers believe that by incorporating the carative with the curative, society as a whole will be healthier and patients will be able to get well or die with dignity. This process helps nurses to view their patients as whole human beings, not just sick bodies. Next, the nurse creates a to determine how variables will be examined, as well as what data should be collected and how. Paradoxically, abstract and simple concepts such as caring-love are difficult to practice, yet practicing and experiencing these concepts leads to greater understanding.
It helps nurses bring a humanistic and philosophical piece to their patients' care. New dimensions of human caring theory. Many nursing definitions and theories have evolved over time. In order for transpersonal contact to occur both the caregiver and the one being cared for should experience a process of being and becoming, both are influenced by the nature of transaction. Joseph Hospital: We respect each person as an inherently valuable member of the human community and as a unique expression of life. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 24, 988- 996. Nursing: The philosophy and science of caring Rev.